Preventative Measures to School Exclusion

Preventative Measures to School Exclusion

Our vision as a District is to work collaboratively to promote a great start in life and improved life chances for every child and young person.

The No Need to Exclude - A Positive Behaviour Management Strategy  provides a directory of approaches and interventions, which we encourage and support our schools to consider. Our specific strategy is to work towards the position where the needs of all young people are addressed, and where schools no longer feel the need to permanently exclude given the continuum of provision and support available to enable them to meet pupil needs. 

Support for Schools

Additional support to schools for pupils at risk of exclusion can be made to the Social Communication, Interaction and Learning  Team 4 Bradford

Educational Psychology Team

Secondary schools can also seek support and advice from their behaviour and attendance collaborative (BAC)

Behind the Blade Educational Knife Crime Prevention Programme. The programme is aimed at young people aged 10 to 17 who are at risk of, or involved in, knife related behaviour to reduce their risk and divert from offending behaviours.

Behaviour in schools: advice for headteachers and school staff

Where a school has serious concerns about a pupil’s behaviour, it should consider whether a multi-agency assessment such as an early help assessment or statutory assessment that goes beyond the pupil’s educational needs is required (see guidance Working together to safeguard children).


Behaviour in schools - Preventative Measures to School Exclusion

Paragraphs 31 and 32 of the exclusion and suspension guidance 2022 sets out that, in addition to the strategies set out in initial intervention, page 29 of the Behaviour in Schools guidance, headteachers should also consider the following: a) an off-site direction (temporary measure that maintained schools and academies for similar purposes can use) or b) managed moves (permanent measure) as preventative measures to exclusion.

Any use of AP should be based on an understanding of the support a child or young person needs in order to improve their behaviour, as well as any SEND or health needs. Off-site direction may only be used as a way to improve future behaviour and not as a sanction or punishment for past misconduct. Off-site direction should only be used where in-school interventions and/or outreach have been unsuccessful or are deemed inappropriate and should only be used to arrange a temporary stay in AP.

Direction Off-Site to Another Educational Provision  

Off-site direction is when a governing board of a maintained school requires a pupil to attend another education setting to improve their behaviour as set out in Section 29A Education Act 2002 and further defined in the Education (Educational Provision for Improving Behaviour) Regulations 2010 & The Education (Educational Provision for Improving Behaviour) (Amendment) Regulations 2012. It is often used when a pupil is at risk of permanent exclusion and parental consent is not required, however, it makes sense for it to be a collaborative process so far as is reasonably practicable.

Whilst the legislation does not apply to academies, they can arrange off-site provision for such purposes under their general powers. Where interventions or targeted support have not been successful in improving a pupil’s behaviour, off-site direction should be used to arrange time-limited placements at an AP or another mainstream school. During the off-site direction to another school, pupils must be dual registered. Code B should be used for any off-site educational activity, if the provision is an approved educational activity that does not involve the pupil being registered at any other school.

The following individuals must have regard to the Alternative Provision: Statutory guidance for local authorities, headteachers and governing bodies

• a local authority arranging suitable education under section 19 of the Education Act 1996;

• the governing body of a maintained school making or reviewing an off-site direction under section 29A; and

• the governing body or academy trust of a maintained school, academy school or AP academy arranging suitable education for a suspended pupil under section 100 of the Education and Inspections Act 2006.

Direction off-site for the improvement of behaviour guidance to schools

Managed moves

A managed move is used to initiate a process which leads to the transfer of a pupil to another mainstream school permanently. Managed moves should only occur when it is in the pupil’s best interests and should be voluntary and agreed with all parties involved, including the parents and the admission authority of the new school. If a temporary dual registered move needs to occur to improve a pupil’s behaviour, then off-site direction should be used. 

Managed moves should be offered as part of a planned intervention. The original school should be able to evidence that appropriate initial intervention has been carried out, including, where relevant, multi-agency support, or any statutory assessments were done or explored prior to a managed move.

The managed move should be preceded by information sharing between the original school and the new school, including data on prior and current attainment, academic potential, a risk assessment and advice on effective risk management strategies. It is also important for the new school to ensure that the pupil is provided with an effective integration strategy.

Schools should not use a ‘trial period’ or ‘trial admission’ for managed moves, as a managed move is a permanent move to another school.

If the pupil has an EHC plan, schools should contact the local authority prior to the move and if the local authority, both schools and you are in agreement that there should be a managed move, the local authority will need to follow the process for changing an EHC plan.

Pupil Support Units

A pupil support unit is a planned intervention occurring in small groups and in place of mainstream lessons. The purpose of this unit can be two-fold:

a) as a planned intervention for behavioural or pastoral reasons

b) as a final preventative measure to support pupils at risk of exclusion.

In both circumstances, the underlying ambition should be to improve behaviour and maintain learning with the goal to successfully reintegrate pupils into mainstream lessons. The approach in the unit should be aligned to the culture of the whole school and compatible with the school’s behaviour policy.


Schools should have a strategy for reintegrating pupils following removal from the classroom, time spent in a pupil support unit, in another setting under off-site direction or following suspension. This may involve reintegration meetings between the school, pupils, parents and, if relevant, other agencies. Schools should consider what support is needed to help the pupil return to mainstream education and meet the expected standards of behaviour.

Page owned by Karen Roper, last updated on 13/02/2024. This page has been viewed 5,252 times.